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Garden To Do List for January
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More garden-less days ahead but there are still some things to do for your garden.

General to-do list

– Start ordering seeds and plants. Check your leftover seeds to know what you need to order. If your seeds are too old, discard them and order new replacements.

– Plan your next garden; rework your garden design if necessary or if only to give it a new look and feel this new year.

– If you keep a garden journal, review last year’s so you can better plan your new garden.

– Don’t throw your Christmas tree away; instead recycle it to a bird feeder or mulch.

– If you have stored bulbs and vegetables, it’s time to check them.

– Also, check plants for heaving.

– Don’t forget the birds! Make sure all feeding stations are filled and they have fresh, unfrozen water.

– January is a good month to take a short gardening class or finally attend your Garden Club meetings.

– If your Christmas Cactus is still blooming, water it every 3 days with ½ cup of water.

– Use a broom to brush heavy snow from evergreens.

– Repair or build garden trellises and furniture.

– Lessen fertilizer applications to your house plants.

– A good indoor project during wintry days would be making seed flats.

– Check your climbing rose and re-tie any branches that might have worked loose.

–  Start geranium seeds indoors for transplanting in the garden come summer.

– Stop watering petunias when their leaves drop and put them in a cool place.

If you’re in Zone 7 and up

– Start doing some winter sowing. This will get you a head start on veggies and flowers that require stratification.

– Also start seeds of slow growing cool season veggies such as leeks and cauliflower. Start annual flowers too like petunias, portulaca, ageratum, geranium, verbena and snapdragons indoors.

– Check outdoor plants for any damage done by animals.

– Check indoor plants for any signs of pests or infestation.

If you’re in the NW

– Suppress weed by adding more mulch to paths.

– For outdoor plants that are tender, cover them when cold nights are predicted.

– Start artichokes and asparagus.

– Prune perennials, roses and trees.

– Start planting fruit trees and bare-root roses.

If you’re in South CA

– Start pruning your roses and fruit trees

– Start planting perennials, cool season vegetables, fruit trees and bare-root roses.

If you’re in the Southwest

– Keep watering evergreens.

– Start pruning your roses.

– Prune grapes.

– Start planting asparagus.

– Sow cool season crops i.e. turnips, greens, broccoli, cabbage, and onions to be ready for transplant in February.

– Set out transplants of cool season flowers i.e. violas, snapdragon, pansies, sweet pea and petunias.

– Direct sow greens, peas and carrots at the end of January.

If you’re in Florida

– Start some quick growing spinach, radishes and peas.

– Start seeding slow-growing plants like chilies, peppers and eggplant.

– Once raspberries stop fruiting, prune the canes to ground.

More Tips

– Save wood ashes now for your rose beds in April.

– If you have plants growing in water, adding charcoal chips to the water will keep it sweet.

– Mealy bugs in your houseplants? Wipe them off the plants using a cotton swab dipped in alcohol.

– Keep off mites from African violets by putting camphor flakes in a saucer under the plants.

– Use water that is at room temp when watering indoor plants.

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