Now that you’re landing on this page, it’s safe to say that you want to know how to grow bok choy. Bok choy is a popular vegetable to grow in a backyard garden nowadays. It’s quick to grow and has a number of variants to try.
Bok choy itself is a kind of Chinese cabbage. It’s also known as “Pak choi” which is translated to “white cabbage” in English. It’s probably because of its blanched centers, but there are actually the green variants too. Bok choy has crisp stalks and smooth, tender leaves.
This fast-growing vegetable is a biennial. It’s not that winter hardy like smaller leaved Asian greens. It can also handle full sun, but it will grow better in partial shade. It requires about three to five hours of sun every day. So, is it possible to grow bok choy in pots?
Actually, there’s nothing impossible about it. This is one of the reasons why bok choy is popular. It’s possible to plant it in a pot for creating a vegetable garden at home. Then, how is the right way to grow bok choy? Read on to find out the answer.
How to Grow Bok Choy from Stem
One of the easiest ways to plant bok choy is to use its stem. This method is super simple and it makes a great alternative for just throwing its leftover in the garbage can. Planting bok choy from the stem is like regrowing it. It makes a fun project for a young gardener too!
To grow bok choy from a stem, you should first chop off its base. It’s like when slicing the base of a group of celery. After that, place it in a saucer or bowl of warm water. Remember to put the cut side facing up. Place the bowl on a sunny location.
Change the water twice a day and monitor it for about a week. Once the center starts to grow, you can transfer it to a pot. To growing bok choy in pots isn’t difficult as well. You just need to prepare a pot filled with potting mix for growing the bok choy.
After 10 days, plant the bok choy completely by burying it with soil. Bury it until the tips of the new green leaves are the only ones pointing up. After planting, you just need to water it generously. Plus, make sure that the potting soil always moist as well!
How to Grow Bok Choy Hydroponically
Then, how can we grow bok choy hydroponically? Actually, there are some rules that you need to know to grow bok choy in hydroponics. Similar to growing it in the soil, there’s a special condition which can produce the best bok choy. And here’s what you have to know about it.
High temperatures are known to cause this vegetable to prematurely bolt to seed. When growing bok choy hydroponically, it’s recommended to keep the water temperature under 65 F. Then, you should keep the solution a bit lower than the air temperature. The air temps should be held at 50-70 F.
- Nutrient pH
When you’re growing bok choy hydroponic, pH levels of the nutrient solution is better to be around 6.0-7.0. The most ideal number is basically in the middle 6.3-6.5, but it’s pretty impossible since the pH is more likely to float around in any hydroponic solution.
- Water or Solution
Employ straight water for germination and during the first few days after sprouting. You should avoid hard water in the beginning. On the 3rd or 4th day after sprouting, use a half-strength nutrient solution only. Do it for about a week before switching to a full-strength solution.
How to Transplant Bok Choy
The peat pots or pellets that break down in the soil following the planting allow you to transplant bok choy without harming its delicate roots. Transplanting bok choy makes it possible for you to harvest the crop faster too. Then, how can we transplant bok choy?
It’s recommended to transplant it in spring when evening temperatures are more than 50 F, or during late summer six weeks before the first snow. The guide on growing bok choy flowering by transplanting it is also simple. First, you need to set the bok choy seedlings outside in a sheltered area before transplanting.
Slowly, improve the plant’s exposure to direct sunlight each day. But, you should bring the plant inside if frost is expected. After that, you can prepare a garden bed which gets all-day sunlight. Create a planting hole which is a half inch deeper than the seedling pot.
Next, set the bok choy seedling in the arranged hole until the pot rim is just beneath the surface of the soil. Fill the hole with soil and firm it softly with your palms. Water the bok choy right after transplanting until the soil is all moistened.
How to Take Care of Bok Choy
Bok choy requires consistent watering, especially during the fall. Drought is able to cause the plant to bolt to seed. If you plant it in rich soil, you don’t need to feed your bok choy. But, you may need to employ a fertilizer which is high in nitrogen.
Moreover, bok choy may experience better growth and health if you plant it near other vegetables. Bok choy companion plants include carrots, chard, cucumbers, bush beans, beets, kale, lettuce, dill, sage, spinach, nasturtiums, potatoes, and mints. So, consider incorporating one or more of those plants.
When the weather turns hot, you can stop planting bok choy. This plant isn’t commonly affected by common brassica diseases. Bok choy is, however, interesting to may insect pests like cabbage worms and loopers. So, you may need to use row covers in order to minimize the damage.
In conclusion, bok choy is a must-try vegetable if you want to plant something delicious and healthy in your garden. There are some ways to plant this Chinese cabbage, so you can easily choose your favorite. Finally, hope you like this easy guide on how to grow bok choy properly!